Material Properties

 

Material Diel. Constant Conductivity [mS/m]
Acrylic glass2.7 - 3.71.0E-14
Asbestos3 - 4.81.0E-6 - 0.0001
Asphalt - dry2 - 40.1 - 1
Asphalt - wet6 - 1210 - 100
Basalt - wet84 - 8
Clay - dry2 - 62 - 100
Clay - wet5 - 40100 - 1000
Coal - dry3 - 41 - 10
Coal - wet7 - 910 - 100
Concrete - dry4 - 100.1 - 10
Concrete - wet10 - 2510 - 100
Cultural layer - fresh water65 - 750.1 - 10
Dolomite6 - 80.2 - 3
Granite - dry4 - 61.0E-5 - 0.001
Granite - wet6 - 81 - 10
Limestone - dry4 - 81.0E-6 - 0.001
Limestone - wet7 - 910 - 100
Marsh land120.006 - 0.012
Peat60 - 7540 - 300
Permafrost3 - 80.01 - 10
Plastic PE2.2 - 2.41.0E-11 - 1.0E-14
Plastic PVC3 - 3.41.0E-7 - 1.0E-9
Quartz4.2 - 52.0E-11 - 4.0E-9
Salt - dry5 - 60.01 - 1
Sand - dry2 - 60.0001 - 1
Sand - dry coastal6 - 100.002 - 2
Sand - wet15 - 301 - 10
Sandstone - dry2 - 51.0E-5 - 0.001
Sandstone - wet5 - 100.1 - 10
Sea chalk - fresh water45 - 550.1 - 10
Shale - dry4 - 91 - 10
Shale - saturated7 - 161 - 100
Silt - dry3 - 301 - 50
Silt - saturated10 - 40100 - 400
Snow6 - 120.001 - 0.01
Soil - average91
Soil - clayey - dry4 - 1010 - 100
Soil - clayey - wet10 - 3050 - 1000
Soil - frozen60.1 - 0.5
Soil - loamy - dry4 - 100.1 - 1
Soil - loamy - wet10 - 3010 - 100
Soil - sandy - dry4 - 100.1 - 10
Soil - sandy - wet10 - 3010 - 100
Water - distilled800.005 - 0.05
Water - fresh (0 °C)880.1 - 1
Water - fresh (18 °C)810.001 - 10
Water - ice - fresh3.5 - 40.1 - 5
Water - ice - salt4 - 810 - 100
Water - salt/sea80 - 81400 - 30000
Wood - dry2 - 51.0E-14 - 1.0E-12
Wood - wet10 - 300.1 - 1

Most values are from: J.D. Daniels: Ground Penetrating Radar, London 2004